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Genital Herpes

Herpes is a viral disease, caused by herpes Simplex virus.
It can occur at various parts of body, mainly Mouth and genitals (penis, vagina, and cervix).

It is of two types:
  1. HSV-1
    • also known as oral herpes or cold sores
    • In this, cold sores and blisters followed by pain and itching are seen around mouth and face.
  2. HSV-2
    • Also known as genital herpes
    • In this, painful blisters/ ulcers are seen on < href="https://www.drsafehands.com/female-health/vaginal-itching">genitals(private part of body), causing itching, and burning, sometimes there is vaginal discharge in females
    • HSV-2 infection increases the risk of acquiring a new HIV infection by approximately three-fold(WHO study)
Herpes | Drsafehands

Spread of virus

  1. It spreads from person to person as it is a contagious virus.
  2. It can transfer through vaginal, anal, or oral sex, through exchange of body fluids.
  3. Common interactions like kissing, sharing utensils, lip balm, or any other sharing from infected person can spread herpes.
  4. It can be passed from a pregnant mother (if with herpes) to unborn child, at the time of childbirth.
  5. Herpes is widely seen in people who have multiple sexual partners, people with any other form of STD and in people with weaker immunity.
  6. Sometimes, there are flu like symptoms like, fever, swollen lymph nodes, headaches, tiredness, and lack of appetite.
  7. It can also spread to the eyes, known as called herpes keratitis. In which there is pain, discharge, and a gritty feeling in the eye.
  8. You cannot get genital herpes from a toilet seat.

General precautions :

  1. Always use condom.
  2. Hot water bath (with warm saline), helps
  3. You can apply petroleum jelly to affected area
  4. Avoid tight clothing
  5. Wash your hands, every time after touching the affected area
  6. Avoid sexual contact, until symptoms are disappeared.
  7. Avoid touching the affected area, as its fluid can transmit the infection to other body parts as well

Treatment of Herpes

  1. To cure a Herpes infection, your doctor will give you an oral or injectable antibiotic.
  2. Don't make physical relation until you have completed your course of medicine.
  3. Always use condoms correctly when having sex.
  4. Avoid and limit the number of sexual partner.
  5. If found infected then practice complete sexual abstinence and see a nearest doctor


There is no cure to herpes; only OTC pain killers can help you in relieving the pain.
Topical application and several antiviral drugs are effective in treating herpes.
DrSafeHands | CDC Hiv Statement