Herpes is a viral disease, caused by herpes Simplex virus.
It can occur at various parts of body, mainly Mouth and genitals (penis, vagina, and cervix).
It is of two types:
also known as oral herpes or cold sores
In this, cold sores and blisters followed by pain and itching are seen around mouth and face.
Also known as genital herpes
In this, painful blisters/ ulcers are seen on < href="https://www.drsafehands.com/female-health/vaginal-itching">genitals(private part of
body), causing itching, and burning, sometimes there is vaginal discharge in females
HSV-2 infection increases the risk of acquiring a new HIV infection by approximately three-fold(WHO study)
Spread of virus
It spreads from person to person as it is a contagious virus.
It can transfer through vaginal, anal, or oral sex, through exchange of body fluids.
Common interactions like kissing, sharing utensils, lip balm, or any other sharing from infected person can spread herpes.
It can be passed from a pregnant mother (if with herpes) to unborn child, at the time of childbirth.
Herpes is widely seen in people who have multiple sexual partners, people with any other form of STD and in people with weaker immunity.
Sometimes, there are flu like symptoms like, fever, swollen lymph nodes, headaches, tiredness, and lack of appetite.
It can also spread to the eyes, known as called herpes keratitis. In which there is pain, discharge, and a gritty feeling in the eye.
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