Q: What is Breast Cancer? It is a cancer that develops from breast tissue, in which abnormal growth of cells of the breast occurs, and goes out of control. These cells divide more rapidly than healthy cells, forming a lump or a mass.
Q: Are there different types of breast cancers? Yes, actually there are many different types of breast cancers, depending on the location of the tumour cells within the breast (milk ducts or lobules), and how they look under a microscope.
Q:What are invasive and non-invasive breast cancers? Non-invasive cancers do not have the ability to spread outside the breast tissue. Invasive cancers can spread to other parts of the body.
Q:What causes breast cancer? Though the exact cause cannot be pinpointed, certain factors increase the risk. Some important factors include being a woman (it is extremely rare in men), a history of someone else in the family having had it, increasing age (most occur in women over 50), having no children or having children at a late age, using oral contraceptives, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), diabetes, being overweight, working shift duties, radiation, certain chemicals, smoking, and alcohol consumption, among others.
Q:Which breast is more prone? The left breast is slightly more likely to develop cancer than the right breast.
Q:How long does it take to develop? In some types, by the time the lump appears, it may have been there for as long as two years.
Regular follow up care is needed. Women with breast cancer which has not spread can receive psychological therapy to reduce anxiety and depression.